Japanese director Hirokazu Kore-eda directed the film "Baby Transfer Station" to discuss the issue of abandoned babies, and also revealed the dilemma faced by the "baby protection capsule" set up to save innocent new lives. Is the protection capsule to save lives to promote abandonment, or to allow The possibility of a new future for these children? Infant shelters originated in medieval Europe, gradually declined in the 19th century, and reappeared in 1996, mainly to prevent parents from abandoning or killing babies, and specialized institutions took over care and referrals for adoption.
However, this practice of facilitating parents to send babies anonymously has always faced controversy of "facilitating abandonment" and is also considered to undermine children's right to know their origin. South Korea first appeared in 2009 when churches photo retouching service set up baby protection cabins. After the Korean National Assembly amended the Special Adoption Law in 2012, it was stipulated that the biological parents of the child must register the child's birth in their own name, apply for abandonment of parenting and obtain permission from the family court before sending the child.
As a result, many unmarried parents who do not want to be found out about the birth facts choose to abandon their own flesh and blood, and the number of baby protection cabins used has also increased. According to statistics from the South Korean police and the Ministry of Health and Welfare, nearly 1,500 cases of abandoned infants and infanticides have been reported in the past 11 years, including nearly 1,400 cases of abandoned infants and more than 100 cases of infanticide. In 2021, a total of 415 children were adopted, reaching the lowest record in the past year.